Finance Minister Bill Morneau has announced the income tax deduction limits and expense benefit rates that will apply in 2017 when using an automobile for business purposes.
Most of the limits and rates that were in effect in 2016 will continue to apply this year, but the taxable benefit rate on the personal use portion of an employee's automobile operating expenses will be reduced by 1 cent to 25 cents per kilometre. The prescribed rate used to determine the taxable benefit for those employed principally in selling or leasing automobiles will also be reduced by 1 cent, down to 22 cents per kilometre.
The federal government has published the following list of limits from 2016 which will remain in place for 2017:
- The limit on the deduction of tax-exempt allowances that are paid by employers to employees who use their personal vehicle for business purposes for 2017 will remain at 54 cents per kilometre for the first 5,000 kilometres driven, and 48 cents per kilometre for each additional kilometre. For the Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon, the tax-exempt allowance is 4 cents higher, and will remain at 58 cents per kilometre for the first 5,000 kilometres driven, and 52 cents per kilometre for each additional kilometre. These allowances are intended to reflect the main costs of owning and operating an automobile, such as depreciation, financing, insurance, maintenance and fuel.
- The ceiling on the capital cost of passenger vehicles for capital cost allowance (CCA) purposes will remain at $30,000 (plus applicable federal and provincial sales taxes) for purchases after 2016. This ceiling restricts the cost of a vehicle on which CCA may be claimed for business purposes.
- The maximum allowable interest deduction for amounts borrowed to purchase an automobile will remain at $300 per month for loans related to vehicles acquired after 2016.
- The limit on deductible leasing costs will remain at $800 per month (plus applicable federal and provincial sales taxes) for leases entered into after 2016. This limit is one of two restrictions on the deduction of automobile lease payments. A separate restriction prorates deductible lease costs where the value of the vehicle exceeds the capital cost ceiling.